Laryngitis (also known as laryngo-pharyngitis) is caused by irritation of the mucous membranes of the larynx (the cavity close to the vocal box where the vocal cords are located) by any substance, most especially food, that causes inflammation and thus the irritation and cleansing of the larynx’s mucous membranes. This irritation can be caused by the ingestion of excessive dairy products or by the excessive use of some nasal sprays.
There are two types of laryngitis
Abnormalaliases – These are the easier to recognize because they cause some discomfort, and are usually localized in the upper part of the pharynx or the laryngum. They almost always result from irritation of the nasal passages, which are much more common than allergies. The culprit is a substance called histamine. Saliva produces histamine and mucus secretions containing protease inhibitor, like streptococcus mutans, facilitate the fermentation of the mucous membranes and thus causes Abnormalaliases. Thus, laryngitis and streptococcal litis are often accompanied by streptococcal infection.
Irritated laryngitis – Occasionally, the symptoms of laryngitis may be caused by bacterial organisms such as streptococcus bacteria. The inflammation may also be aggravated by allergens, medications, spices or liquids. Irritated laryngitis may be accompanied by symptom such as thick phlegm, difficult swallowing, aggravation of the laryngopharyngeal reflex, and neurologic symptoms such as loss of voice and altered personality.
Chronic laryngitis is a persistent medical condition characterized by recurrent symptoms of voice loss, itch and pain. It is a type of laryngitis known as recurrent voice loss (RV voice). This laryngitis is usually caused by inflammation of the vocal chords (which are the thin membrane that separates the vocal chords from the windpipe). An additional condition that may be responsible for voice discomfort is the laryngeal reflex (fulminating voice).
The vocal chords and larynx are equipped with a mucous membrane. This mucous membrane reacts with the sulphur contained in the air (aerosol) to create a thin layer of mucus. When this mucus breaks away in a consistent manner due to a viral or bacterial infection, it causes an infection of the vocal chords and the larynx. As a result, the voice begins to break.
The most important symptom of laryngitis which may indicate the presence of more serious conditions is a sore throat. The soreness will first start as a little red spot then develop to a severe sore. If the soreness does not heal in 7 to 10 days, it may be an indication of a more serious condition such as esophagitis.
Multiple types of laryngitis
There are some simple tests that can be performed to determine if the cause of voice pain is indeed laryngitis. If the symptoms are accompanied by a lack of voice, hoarseness or even laryngitis, it may be laryngitis. However, if there is no change in the soreness or the hoarseness will not be relieved, it is highly likely that the voice is not being affected.
There are multiple types of laryngitis. These include:
1) Irritated – the most common variety of laryngitis. The mucous membrane of the larynx contracts and the vocal chords become irritated and inflamed.
2) Dysfunction – if the vocal chords are not able to reach a soundible level, it may be called Dysfunction. Some causes of Dysfunction are: voice loss, voice change, and / or impairment in swallowing.
3) anted to flu – this is an upper respiratory infection that affects the vocal chords.
4) aspirin or other antihistamine – if the symptoms resolve, the doctor may prescribe antihistamines as the primary therapy.
5) aids in preventing voice loss – many older individuals who suffer from laryngitis also have a decreased flow of voice. The most common cause of chronic decreased voice is due to obstruction of the vocal chords caused by age.
6) deficit in swallowing – if the vocal chords have reached their limit and can not create all back blow sounds, it may cause a loss of voice.
7) voice change – this is a condition in which the vocal chords are unable to produce all sounds. It is also a side effect of various diseases such as Parkinson’s disease, cancer, and / or Sarcoidosis.